As a resource-rich country, Angola heavily relies on imports to support its economy and meet domestic needs. The major imports of Angola include machinery and mechanical appliances, vehicles and automotive parts, electrical machinery and equipment, mineral fuels and oils, plastics, pharmaceuticals, iron and steel, optical and medical instruments, cereals, and fertilizers. The closest trading partners for each category vary, with China, Portugal, and the United States emerging as prominent suppliers across multiple sectors. Understanding these import trends and partnerships is crucial for analyzing Angola's economic landscape, identifying areas of economic collaboration, and formulating trade policies.
Machinery and Mechanical Appliances:
Machinery and mechanical appliances hold the top position in Angola's imports by volume. With a total import value of approximately $2.5 billion, Angola relies on these imports to support its industrial and manufacturing sectors. China, Portugal, and the United States are the primary trading partners in this sector.
Vehicles and Automotive Parts:
Imported vehicles and automotive parts are crucial for Angola's transportation infrastructure. The import volume for this category stands at $2 billion. China, South Africa, and Japan are the primary trading partners for vehicle and automotive parts imports.
Electrical Machinery and Equipment:
Angola relies on imports of electrical machinery and equipment to meet its technological needs. The import volume for this category is valued at $1.8 billion. China, Portugal, and the United States serve as the primary trading partners in this sector.
Mineral Fuels and Oils:
Imported mineral fuels and oils are essential for Angola's energy requirements. With an import value of $1.6 billion, this category holds a significant position. Saudi Arabia, China, and the United States are the primary countries supplying mineral fuels and oils to Angola.
Plastics and Plastic Articles:
Angola imports a substantial amount of plastics and plastic articles for various sectors, including manufacturing and packaging. This category accounts for an import volume of $1.2 billion. China, Portugal, and Brazil are the primary trading partners for plastics and plastic articles.
Pharmaceutical products are crucial for Angola's healthcare sector. The import volume for this category stands at $1 billion. India, Portugal, and Switzerland are the primary trading partners for pharmaceutical imports.
Iron and Steel:
Imported iron and steel are vital for Angola's construction and manufacturing industries. This category's import volume is valued at $900 million. China, South Africa, and Portugal are the primary trading partners for iron and steel imports.
Optical, Photographic, and Medical Instruments:
Angola relies on imports of optical, photographic, and medical instruments to support its healthcare and research sectors. The import volume for this category is approximately $800 million. China, Germany, and Portugal are the primary suppliers in this sector.
Cereal imports play a crucial role in Angola's food security and consumption. The import value for this category is $700 million. Brazil, Argentina, and the United States are the primary trading partners for cereal imports.
Imported fertilizers are essential for Angola's agricultural sector. The import volume for this category stands at $600 million. Russia, China, and Morocco are the primary countries supplying fertilizers to Angola.