Greece's major exports showcase the country's diverse economic sectors and highlight its strengths in industries such as petroleum, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, and aluminum production. With its strategic location and natural resources, Greece has established valuable trading partnerships with neighboring countries and major European economies. As Greece continues to focus on enhancing the quality and competitiveness of its exports, it is well-positioned to capitalize on its strengths and expand its presence in the global market.
Petroleum and Petroleum Products
Petroleum and petroleum products constitute Greece's largest export category. Greece has a significant refining capacity, which allows it to process crude oil and export products like gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. The major trading partners for Greece in this sector are Italy, Cyprus, Egypt, and Turkey. The export volume for petroleum and petroleum products stands at approximately 50 million metric tons, with a value exceeding $16 billion.
Food and Beverages
Greece is renowned for its Mediterranean diet and high-quality agricultural products, making food and beverages a significant export category. This includes items such as olive oil, cheese, wine, fruits, and processed food products. Germany, Italy, Cyprus, and the United States are Greece's primary trading partners in the food and beverages sector. The export volume in this sector is estimated at around $14 billion.
Pharmaceuticals and Medical Products
Greece's pharmaceutical industry plays a crucial role in its export profile. The country manufactures and exports a range of pharmaceutical products, including generic drugs, medical devices, and healthcare equipment. Major trading partners in this sector include Germany, France, Italy, and the United Kingdom. The export value for pharmaceuticals and medical products exceeds $3 billion.
Aluminum and Aluminum Products
Greece possesses significant bauxite deposits, which contribute to its production and export of aluminum and aluminum products. These include aluminum ingots, sheets, and extrusions. Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, and Turkey are Greece's primary trading partners in this sector. The export value for aluminum and aluminum products is estimated at approximately $2.5 billion.
Chemicals and Chemical Products
Greece's chemical industry produces and exports a variety of chemical products, including fertilizers, plastics, and pharmaceutical intermediates. Italy, Turkey, Bulgaria, and Germany are the major trading partners for Greece in the chemicals sector. The export value for chemicals and chemical products stands at around $2 billion.
Machinery and Equipment
Greece exports a range of machinery and equipment, including industrial machinery, agricultural machinery, and electrical equipment. Germany, Italy, Cyprus, and Turkey are the primary trading partners in this sector. The export value for machinery and equipment exceeds $1.5 billion.
Textiles and Apparel
Greece has a well-established textile and apparel industry, manufacturing and exporting a variety of clothing, textiles, and footwear. Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, and the United Kingdom are Greece's major trading partners in this sector. The export value for textiles and apparel stands at approximately $1.2 billion.
Plastics and Rubber Products
Greece's plastics and rubber industry produces and exports a range of plastic and rubber products, including packaging materials, pipes, and synthetic materials. Italy, Germany, Bulgaria, and Turkey are the primary trading partners for Greece in this sector. The export value for plastics and rubber products is estimated at around $1 billion.
Mineral Fuels and Ores
Greece also exports mineral fuels and ores, including coal, lignite, and iron ores. Turkey, Bulgaria, Italy, and Germany are the major trading partners in this sector. The export value for mineral fuels and ores exceeds $900 million.
Furniture and Wood Products
Greece exports furniture and wood products, including wooden furniture, flooring, and wood-based panels. Germany, Italy, Cyprus, and the United States are Greece's primary trading partners in this sector. The export value for furniture and wood products stands at approximately $800 million.