Registering a company in Peru is a step-by-step process that involves selecting a company type, choosing a name, preparing documentation, and registering with the Public Registry of Peru and National Superintendency of Customs and Tax Administration. By following this guide and utilizing the provided resources, you should be well on your way to successfully establishing your business in Peru. Be sure to adhere to the requirements and guidelines to ensure a smooth registration process and a successful start for your company in this dynamic and vibrant economy.
Step 1: Choose your company type
The first step in registering a company in Peru is to choose the type of company you want to register. The most common types are:
- Sociedad Anónima (SA)
- Sociedad Comercial de Responsabilidad Limitada (SRL)
- Sociedad Anónima Cerrada (SAC)
- Branch of a foreign company
Step 2: Choose a company name
Before registering your company, you'll need to choose a suitable name. The Public Registry of Peru (SUNARP) has guidelines for acceptable names, which can be found at this link: https://www.sunarp.gob.pe
Step 3: Prepare the required documents
Next, prepare the necessary documentation for your chosen company type. The key documents are:
- Articles of Association (for SA, SRL, and SAC)
- Application for Company Registration (for all types)
These forms can be obtained from a notary public or downloaded from the SUNARP's website: https://www.sunarp.gob.pe
Step 4: Identify company officers and shareholders
You will need to identify at least one director (for SA and SAC) or one representative (for Branch of a foreign company). Directors or representatives must be at least 18 years old. Shareholders can be individuals or corporate entities.
Step 5: Capital requirements
Peru requires a minimum capital of PEN 4,200 for SAs, SRLs, and SACs. There is no minimum capital requirement for branches of foreign companies.
Step 6: Register your company
Once your documents are ready, you can submit your application to SUNARP. This can be done in person at a local office or online via the following link: https://www.sunarp.gob.pe
The fees for registering a company are as follows:
- SA, SRL, SAC: PEN 150 (approximately $40)
- Branch of a foreign company: PEN 300 (approximately $80)
Step 7: Register for taxes
After your company is registered, you must register for taxes with the National Superintendency of Customs and Tax Administration (SUNAT). This can be done in person at the local Tax Office or online via the following link: https://www.sunat.gob.pe
Step 8: Obtain necessary permits and licenses
Depending on your business activities, you may need to obtain additional permits or licenses. Check with the relevant authorities and industry regulators for specific requirements.
The entire registration process, from preparing documents to receiving your Certificate of Incorporation, can take anywhere from 2 to 4 weeks, depending on the complexity of your application.