The Netherlands has a well-established system of corporate taxation that is based on the principles of fairness and efficiency. The main taxes are the Corporate Income Tax, Value Added Tax, and import duties, while there is no specific sales tax or export duties. The tax rates and regulations are subject to change, so it is important for companies to keep up to date with the latest developments in Dutch tax law.
Corporate Income Tax (CIT):
Corporate Income Tax is a tax on the profits of companies. The standard CIT rate is 25% for profits over €200,000, while the lower rate of 15% applies to the first €200,000 of taxable profits. There are some deductions and allowances available, including depreciation, research and development credits, and investment allowances. The CIT is regulated by the Corporate Income Tax Act 1969, as amended.
Value Added Tax (VAT):
Value Added Tax is a tax on the value added to goods and services at each stage of production and distribution. The standard VAT rate in the Netherlands is 21%, while a reduced rate of 9% applies to certain goods and services such as food, books, and medicine. Some goods and services are exempt from VAT, such as healthcare and education. The VAT system is regulated by the Value Added Tax Act 1968, as amended.
The Netherlands does not have a specific sales tax, as the VAT system covers all sales of goods and services. However, some goods may be subject to excise duty, such as alcohol, tobacco, and fuel. These duties are regulated by the Excise Duty Act 1977, as amended.
The Netherlands is a member of the European Union (EU) and the World Trade Organization (WTO), which means that it applies the common external tariff (CET) of the EU for goods imported from outside the EU. The CET rates vary depending on the type of goods, but the average rate is around 3%. Some goods may be subject to additional duties or restrictions, such as agricultural products. The import duties are regulated by the Customs Act 1992, as amended.
The Netherlands does not impose any export duties on goods leaving the country.