The International Trade Council (ITC) acknowledges the ongoing commercial dispute between Mexico and the United States concerning Mexico's ban on imports of genetically modified (GM) yellow corn. The ITC urges both parties to engage in constructive dialogue to find a mutually beneficial resolution to the issue.
Mexico's President, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, has affirmed Mexico's commitment to the ban on GM corn for human consumption, citing concerns over human health and the preservation of native corn strains. However, he has expressed openness to studying the impact of GM corn on animal feed and considering a potential ban in the future.
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack has conveyed his "deep concerns" to Mexico regarding the ban, emphasizing the potential disruption to trade, adverse effects on farmers on both sides of the border, and increased costs for Mexican consumers.
The ITC recognizes the importance of resolving this dispute in a manner that preserves trade relations, supports farmers' livelihoods, and ensures access to affordable food for consumers. Both Mexico and the United States play crucial roles in the agricultural sector, and it is vital to maintain a balanced and collaborative approach to address trade challenges.
Mexico is the largest export market for U.S. corn, with an annual import value of approximately $3 billion. The ban on GM corn imports for human consumption is set to take effect in January 2024 under a decree issued in late 2021.
The ITC encourages both Mexico and the United States to consider all available avenues for dialogue and negotiation to seek a mutually acceptable solution. Open and transparent discussions, grounded in scientific evidence and international trade principles, are crucial to finding common ground and avoiding potential trade disruptions.
As a global trade organization, the ITC stands ready to support both Mexico and the United States in facilitating constructive engagement and fostering a favorable environment for fair and sustainable trade. We encourage all parties involved to prioritize cooperation and seek mutually beneficial outcomes.
The International Trade Council remains committed to promoting open and transparent trade practices that benefit economies, support livelihoods, and ensure the availability of safe and affordable food for all.