Moldova's major exports, which include food and beverages, textiles and apparel, machinery and equipment, base metals, and plastics and rubber, reflect the nation's ongoing efforts to diversify its economy and enhance its global competitiveness. Although Moldova faces considerable economic challenges, its successful exporters demonstrate the potential for growth and development in key sectors. By continuing to invest in infrastructure, technology, and human capital, Moldova can further expand its export base and contribute to its long-term economic success.
Food and beverages are among Moldova's most significant exports, with an emphasis on wine and spirits, fruits, and vegetables. As of 2020, the combined export value of food and beverages reached approximately $680 million. Moldova is particularly renowned for its wine industry, boasting several renowned wineries such as Purcari Wineries, a leading wine exporter, and Cricova, a winery famous for its extensive underground cellar network.
Textiles and apparel constitute another important export sector for Moldova. In 2020, this category contributed around $390 million to the country's exports. Key products in this sector include knitwear, outerwear, and footwear. Notable Moldovan textile exporters include Artizana, a producer of high-quality knitwear, and Floare-Carpet, a traditional carpet manufacturer with a long-standing reputation for quality and craftsmanship.
Machinery and equipment represent a growing sector for Moldova's exports. In 2020, this category accounted for approximately $210 million in export value. The sector encompasses a wide array of products, including agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, and automotive components. A prominent Moldovan machinery exporter is Tracom, a company specializing in the production of hydraulic equipment and components for various industries.
Moldova's base metals and articles of base metals sector is another essential component of its export profile. In 2020, this sector contributed around $160 million to the country's exports. Major products within this category include iron and steel, aluminum, and articles made from these materials. Moldova Steel Works is a leading exporter in this sector, producing a wide range of steel products such as rebars, wire rods, and billets.
The plastics and rubber sector is a growing contributor to Moldova's exports, with an export value of approximately $90 million in 2020. This sector includes the production of various plastic and rubber products, such as packaging materials, construction products, and automotive components. A notable Moldovan exporter in this category is Orhei-Vit, a company that produces a range of plastic products for the food industry, including packaging materials and containers.