Netherlands has a limited range of mineral resources, with natural gas being the most significant. The Dutch government has implemented policies to ensure the sustainable development of mineral resources while prioritizing environmental protection and public safety. The largest companies in the sector, Royal Dutch Shell and Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij, are adapting to these policies by focusing on reducing their environmental impact and investing in renewable energy projects. As the Netherlands transitions towards a more sustainable and circular economy, the mineral resource sector will need to continue evolving to meet the country's changing demands and priorities.
The Dutch government has implemented various policies to ensure the sustainable development of mineral resources while prioritizing environmental protection and public safety. The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy is responsible for overseeing the country's mineral resources and the development of related policies.
The government has decided to phase out natural gas production in the Groningen gas field, the largest natural gas field in the Netherlands, due to the increasing number of earthquakes caused by gas extraction. The current plan is to cease production entirely by 2022, with the possibility of an earlier shutdown if alternative energy sources can replace the natural gas supply.
The Dutch government is also encouraging the use of renewable energy sources and aiming to achieve a circular economy by 2050. This includes promoting the recycling and efficient use of resources to minimize waste and environmental impact.
The Dutch mineral resource sector is dominated by a few large companies, with Royal Dutch Shell and Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij (NAM) being the most prominent.